Some loans are guaranteed by third parties, i.e. in the event of a default, the guarantor will make payments for the loan. It is customary to reduce the cost of debt with smaller subsidiariesThe subsidiary (sub) is an entity or company that is fully or partially controlled by another entity called parent company or holding company. Ownership is determined by the percentage of shares held by the parent company, and this shareholding must be at least 51%. a large, higher-level organization. To do this, Emma buys and sells short- and medium-term financial instruments with tenors of 1 to 5 years. It does so in the corporate bond market and through counterparty transactions with different counterparties. The term of the loan is generally between 5 and 25 years, with a maximum age of 30 years, depending on the nature of the project and its debt sustainability. It is customary to allow additional time for repayment at the beginning of the period, but each transaction is evaluated on a case-by-case basis. CFL can adjust flexible earnings and amortization, although our most common repayment plans are quarterly or semi-annual. Priority debt is one of the least risky structures, since the repayment of priority debt is a premium to the repayment of all other debts issued by a company. Senior debt also pays a lower interest rate because of its relative security. A priority loan may or may not be protected by collateral.
Guaranteed debt or secured loans are a loan that is protected by some form of security. This means that in the event of a default, the lender can sell the borrower`s declared assets in order to recover the maximum possible portion of the loan amount. Optimization of the private financial structure: the lengthening of the duration of contracts allows longer debt conditions (up to the limit set by the credit market) and longer conditions allow for higher leverage (see box 5.6 below). Medium- and long-term debts offer more traditional payment structures. A medium-term loan is granted to tenors between one and five years, while long-term loans are granted with tenors of more than five years. Differences in long-term debt structures result from differences in the risk level of the loan. As a general rule, priority project debt providers need a cushion in the form of a “credit queue” between the duration of the debt or debt and the duration of the project contract itself. This allows the private partner to restructure the debt when faced with temporary solvency difficulties (renegotiation of an annual lower debt service in exchange for an extension of the term of the loan). Risk, repayment and tone do not describe all credit structures. These are terms that are present in other forms. Balloon Ready: A balloon loan looks like a amortized loan, unless there is a large payment at the end of the loan.
The amount of the payment of the balloon affects the amount of the same payments, which include both principal and interest. The tone refers to the time remaining before a financial contract expires. It is sometimes used interchangeably with the notion of maturity, although the terms have different meanings. The tenor is used for bank loans, insurance contracts and derivatives. The risk of a loan is primarily covered by the interest rate of the loan, but a change in credit conditions can change the risk profile of the loan. The lifespan should also be long enough to allow potential customers to benefit from refinancing when market conditions improve (allowing the private party to benefit from a longer tone, a lower margin and potentially additional debt, i.e. a “consolidation”).